FDM 3D Printing Technology Overview

Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) systems and related technologies are the most accessible and widely used form of 3D printing. FDM machines build parts layer-by-layer from the bottom up by heating and extruding thermoplastic filament. The production-grade thermoplastic material used is suitable for detailed functional prototypes, durable manufacturing tools & low-volume manufacturing parts.

Different industries require different solutions to maximize the efficiency of their objective. FDM 3D printing technology builds durable and functional prototypes that can withstand rigorous testing.

 

 

FDM 3D Printing Technology

How FDM 3D Printing Technology Works

FDM 3D printing technology works by extruding heated thermoplastic material layer-by-layer onto a build tray.

  1. Pre-Processing: Build-preparation software slices and positions a 3D CAD file and calculates a path to extrude thermoplastic and any necessary support material.
  2. Production: The 3D printer heats the thermoplastic to a semi-liquid state and deposits it in ultra-fine beads along the extrusion path. Where support or buffering is needed, the 3D printer deposits a removable material that acts as scaffolding.
  3. Post-processing: The user breaks away support material or dissolves it in detergent and water- then the part is ready to use.

Benefits of FDM 3D Printing

FDM technology uses thermoplastics found in traditional manufacturing processes and are ideal for applications that demand tight tolerances, toughness, and environmental stability.

  • Technology is well-developed, clean, simple-to-use, and office-friendly
  • Supported production-grade thermoplastics are mechanically and environmentally stable
  • Complex geometries and cavities that would otherwise be problematic become practical with FDM technology

FDM 3D Printing Materials

With FDM 3D printed thermoplastic filament, you can achieve specialized properties like toughness, electrostatic dissipation, translucency, bio-compatibility, UV resistance & high heat deflection. This allows FDM technology to be suitable for a range of applications from classroom projects to lightweight duct work on commercial aircraft.


Stratasys ULTEM 9085

Certified for High Performance

Stratasys ULTEM™ 9085 resin filament is a PEI (polyetherimide) thermoplastic FDM material. It features a high strength-to-weight ratio, high thermal and chemical resistance, and meets multiple aerospace and railway industry standards for flame, smoke, and toxicity (FST) characteristics.

Full Description

ULTEM™ 9085 resin CG meets stringent test criteria and retains traceability required by the aerospace industry.
Available colors: natural ad black.

Specs
    • Ultimate Tensile Strength: 69 MPa (9950 PSI)
    • Heat Deflection Temperature:153℃ (307℉)
Application
  • Rapid prototyping
  • Tooling
  • Production parts
  • Aerospace interior components
  • FST-rated components
Technology/Process

Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)


ABSi 3D printed Bottles

Stratasys ABSi

Translucent Prototypes with ABSi 3D Printing Thermoplastic

Stratasys ABSi™ is an ideal material for conceptual modeling, functional prototyping and direct digital manufacturing. ABSi gives you parts that are visually unique, dimensionally accurate, durable and hold their shape over time.

Full Description

Its strength is superior to standard ABS, and the translucent nature of ABSi is beneficial for monitoring material flow and light transmission, most commonly used for medical and automotive applications.

Available colors: Translucent Amber, Translucent Red and Translucent Natural

Specs
    • Tensile Strength: 37 MPa (5400 psi)
    • Tensile Modulus: 1920 MPa (277,000 psi)
    • Glass Transition Temperature (Tg): 116°C (240°F)
    • Heat Deflection Temperature (HDT) at 66 psi: 0.125″ unannealed
    • Heat Deflection Temeprature (HDT) at 264 psi: 0.125″ unannealed
Application
  • Functional Prototyping
  • Conceptual Modelling
  • Digital Manufacturing
Technology/Process

Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)


ABSPlus 3D printing material

Stratasys ABSPlus

ABSplus for Mechanical Strength and Available in Many Colors

Stratasys ABSPlus is an FDM thermoplastic with production-grade durability in a wide range of colors for concept modeling and rapid prototyping. It has stability over time, therefore, it can also be used for production parts.

Full Description

ABSPlus is a versatile and tough 3D printing material, resistant to impact due to its strong and durable characteristics. 3D printed parts with this thermoplastic require hands-free soluble support.

Available in 9 colors:

  • white
  • ivory
  • black
  • dark grey
  • dark blue
  • red
  • fluorescent yellow
  • nectarine
  • olive

 

Specs
  • Tensile Strength, Yield: 31 MPa
  • Tensile Modulus: 2200 MPa
  • Heat Deflection Temperature (HDT) at 66 psi: 96℃
  • Impact Toughness: IZOD Impact, notched, 106 J/m XZ axis
Application
  • General-purpose prototyping
  • Concept models
  • Functional prototypes
  • Jigs and fixtures
  • Production parts
Technology/Process

Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM )


ABSM30 stratasys filament

Stratasys ABS-M30

Suitable for General-Purpose 3D Printing Use Cases

ABS-M30 is up to 25-70% stronger than standard ABS and is ideal for conceptual modeling, functional prototyping, manufacturing tools and end-use parts. Bring your product to market faster with this strong and affordable FDM material.

Full Description

The ABS-M30™ filament combines the design freedom of FDM® technology with the versatility and capability of ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) which is well-known for its strength and toughness, yet lightweight and resilient.

Features:

  • Opaque
  • Impact-resistance
  • Strong and durable
  • Dimensionally stable
  • Hands-free support removal

Available in 6 colors:

  • ivory
  • white
  • black
  • red
  • blue
  • dark grey
Specs
  • Ultimate tensile strength: 32 MPa
  • Izod Unnotched: 7%
  • Elongation at Break:
    • 300 ohms (electrical resistance)
    • 8.1% (XZ orientation) and 1.8% (ZX orientation)

 

Application
  • General-purpose prototyping
  • Concept models
  • Functional prototypes
  • Jigs and fixtures
  • Production parts
Technology/Process

Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)


ABS-M30i High Strength Bicompatible Sterilizable FDM 3D Printing Material

Stratasys ABS-M30i

Biocompatible FDM material

ABS-M30i is a high-strength material well suited for the medical, pharmaceutical, and food packaging industries. Parts manufactured with ABS-M30i are biocompatible (ISO 10993 USP Class VI)* and can be gamma or EtO (Ethylene Oxide Processing) sterilized.

Full Description

Characteristics:

  • Biocompatible
  • Opaque
  • Strong and durable
  • Impact-resistant
  • Dimensionally stable
  • Accurate, reliable functional testing
Specs
  • Tensile Strength: 31 MPa (XZ Axis), 26 MPa (ZX Axis)
  • Tensile Modulus: 2180 MPa
  • Heat Deflection Temperature (HDT) at 66 psi: 96 °C
  • Impact Toughness: IZOD Impact, notched -160 J/m XZ axis
Application
  • Medical device components
  • Medical or pharmaceutical prototypes
  • Functional prototypes
  • Jigs and fixtures
  • Manufacturing tooling
  • Production parts
Technology/Process

Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)


Hard Drive Fixture ABS ESD7

Stratasys ABS-ESD7

Static-Dissipative ABS Material for Prototypes, Fixtures, and Support Equipment for Electronics

ABS-ESD7 is the best FDM printing material for printing with a static-dissipative thermoplastic. It has the strength and durability of the ABS with carbon to provide electrostatic dissipative (ESD) properties.

Full Description

ABS-ESD7 has the strength and durability of the ABS with carbon to provide electrostatic dissipative (ESD) properties.
For applications where a static charge could damage components, impair the performance, or cause an explosion, ABS-ESD7 offers a safe and suitable FDM material for printing. This prevents a build-up of static electricity so that it doesn’t produce a static shock or cause other materials like powders, dust, and fine particles to stick to it.

Specs
  • Ultimate Tensile Strength: 35 MPa
  • Elongation at Break: 2-3%
  • Izod Impact, Notched: 28 J/m XZ axis
  • Heat Deflection (HDT) at 264 psi, 0.125″ unannealed: 82℃ or 180℉
  • Heat Deflection (HDT) at 66 psi, 0.125″ unannealed: 96℃ or 204℉
  • Volume Resistivity (ASTM D257): 3.0 x 109 – 4.0 x 1010 ohm-cm
Application
  • End-use components
  • Electronic products
  • Assemblies of electronic components
  • Concept models for prototypes for static-sensitive applications
  • Tooling: jigs and fixtures and support tooling used in static-critical fabrication and packaging applications
Technology/Process

Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)


Antero FDM 3D Printing Material

Stratasys Antero 800NA

For aircraft components exposed to jet fuel, oil and hydraulic fluid, spacecraft parts that demand low outgassing and chemical-resistant industrial parts.

Stratasys Antero 800NA is a PEKK-based (polyetherketoneketone) thermoplastic 3D printing material that holds outstanding mechanical properties making it ideal for use in aircraft, space and manufacturing applications.

Full Description

FDM Antero™ 800NA gives new opportunities for chemical-resistant 3D printed parts. A majority of thermoplastics tend to fail when they come in contact with fuel, hydraulic fluids, or other chemicals. However, FDM Antero™ 800NA, a PEKK proprietary blend, solves these challenges with excellent mechanical properties and the highest chemical resistance available.

Advantages:

  • Excellent mechanical properties
  • Design freedom
  • Chemical resistance
  • Low outgassing properties
  • Heat resistance
  • Less waste than CNC
  • Cost advantages over PEKK
Specs
  • Ultimate Tensile Strength (XZ axis): 90 MPa
  • Heat Deflection (HDT) at 66 psi, ASTM D648: 163 °C (325.4 °F) –  Annealed
  • Heat Deflection (HDT) at 264 psi, ASTM D648: 157 °C (314.6 °F) – Annealed
  • Glass Transition Temperature (Tg), ASTM D7426-08: 151 °C (303.8 °F)
Application
  • Prototyping
  • Tooling
  • Production Parts
  • Aircraft, Space, and Manufacturing Applications
Technology/Process

Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)


FDM Technical Specifications

Maximum Accuracy
Maximum Accuracy
0.18-0.25mm
Layer Resolution
Layer Resolution
0.007 in - 0.020 in
Minimum Wall Thickness
Minimum Wall Thickness
1mm
Maximum Part Dimensions (Single Build)
Maximum Part Dimensions (Single Build)
914 x 610 x 914 mm
(36 x 24 x 36 in)
Finishes
Finishes
Advanced finishing options available like smoothing, painting and sanding.

FDM 3D Printers

Stratasys Idea Series 3D Printers

Idea Series

Develop your ideas with affordable models and prototypes. Idea Series 3D Printers fit your desktop and your budget.

Stratasys F Series 3D Printer

Design Series

Perfect your designs with strong, durable and dimensionally-stable parts that withstand tough testing.

Stratasys Production 3D Printers

Production Series

Bring agility and aesthetics to every stage of product development with the widest range of colors and material properties for prototypes and tooling.